Thesis Writing

Some Basic Thesis Writing Tips

June 9th, 2012  |  Published in Thesis Writing

  •  First of all decide on your topic. If your topic is too general, make sure to narrower subtopic to discuss.
  • After determining the topic that is suitable with you, you can prepare an outline to put your ideas about the topic.
  • Then you can write your thesis statement. Your thesis should have an argument.  It should not base on opinion statements. It should have thoroughly explored and dependable by evidence.
  • Thesis statement should focuses on ideas on one to two sentences to tell the reader what the paper is all about.
  • Be clear and avoid using vague words.
  • Make sure to collect sustainable evidence to defend your argument. Read every information relevant to your topic on academic research, trade literature, and information on popular press and on internet.
  • Your introduction should catch the attention of the reader and give an idea about your thesis.
  • Your conclusion should make your argument clear and provide your reader an indication of why your argument is credible.
  • Make sure that you proof-read your thesis carefully to prevent errors in spelling, grammars, and punctuation.  You can ask your friends or colleague to help you and proof read your thesis because you can overlook errors when reading your own work.
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Example of Abstract

September 7th, 2011  |  Published in Thesis Writing

Chemists have long sought an electrolyte additive that would improve battery performance, especially at low temperatures.  Ten organic additives were investigated to learn more about their effects on the rechargeability of an experimental lead-acid cell at 5 degree Fahrenheit.  In each set of trials a different additive (0.001% by weight) was mixed with the sulfuric acid in the cell.  The cell was then charged and discharged at eight current intensities  The additives included adipic acid, azelaic acid, p-phenolsulfonic acid, hydroquinoe, 1-naphthol a5-sulfonic acid, phthalic aid, sucrose, tartaric acid, alphanaphthol, and 8-hydroxyquinoline.

Adipic acid resulted in the best high-rate charge acceptance; however, the level reached was only 96% of that achieved without any additives.  Alpha-napthol, the worst, reached a level of only 20%.  In addition to the obvious conclusion that these additives do not improve rechargeability, the following trend appears valid:  the higher the recharge voltage, the lower the charge acceptance.

This sample was taken to Technical Writing Revised Edition by Corazon C. Obnamia, et. al.

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Finding Thesis Topic

July 19th, 2011  |  Published in Thesis Writing

One of the biggest obstacles of student is to find a thesis topic. After taking up academics requirement for graduate students, they should make a thesis or dissertation.  Now the problem is they don’t know what will be the best topic for their thesis.

In finding a thesis topic, you should first identify what subject or topic will interest you and will definitely love and enjoy the topic even for the several years.  It should be based on your personal preferences and target goal.  In this case, you can save time and effort because you already obtain stock knowledge since you are familiar with the topic.

Another way of finding a thesis topic is to become active reader and listener so that you will know the demands of society and eventually you will become familiar the subject matter that is timely. Also, be familiar with the existing thesis or dissertation to become aware with topic ideas and styles.  In this way, you will get ideas for your own topic and observe how each thesis is written to answer one basic question with additional sub topic. Also, observe the methodologies use to answer various questions.

If you already know the subject or topic for your topic, it is time to ask for help on adviser.  You can talk to professors or other professional and ask them to give a suggestion that you might be able to pursue.

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Benefits of using Visual Aids

June 4th, 2011  |  Published in Thesis Writing

Readers always remember about 15% of what they hear and about 50% of what they see.  Visual aids increases the amount of information retained by a reader therefore the use of visual aids is encourage in your thesis writing.

The following are suggestions from Pickett and Laster:

  • Study the use of visuals by analyzing their use in books and periodicals
  • Choose the most appropriate types of visuals as to their purpose, the needs of the audience and the specific idea to be presented
  • Prepare the visuals carefully by proper and careful organization of information.  Include all necessary labels, symbols, titles and headings.  Make the visual pleasing to its by not overcrowding it
  • Decide whether to make the visual “run-on” in the text or to separate it from the text
  • Establish a proper relationship between the visual and the text
  • Refer to tables as tables; all other visuals are called figure
  • Give the source of a borrowed or copied visual
  • Mount the visual if necessary

Visual aids are an effective way to help your reader to retain a better understanding of information because it holds attention, help concentration and aid retention.  It also adds interest and variety and break up information into smaller section.  In addition, using graphs, tables and charts is an easiest way to display a lot of data or information.

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Nursing Thesis Topics

May 3rd, 2011  |  Published in Thesis Writing

Being a nursing student, somewhere in time you will be require to do a thesis, of course, it should be related to your field. Nursing thesis is essential for those want to get practical experience at public hospital or for those who are interested in expanding their nursing career.  Your nursing thesis must be related to the field you are planning to work.  Nursing topic should be narrow, not to too broad in order to cover the issue.

Some of the great topics for nursing thesis include health education, midwifery, nursing in the community, holistic health care, ethnicity and patient care, nurse-patient relationship, doctor-nurse relationship, nursing practice, nursing scrubs,  nursing theory, nursing administrator, nursing uniform, private nursing vs. public nursing, etc.

If you are decided on your nursing thesis topic, you will need sources of information such as surveys, magazines and newspapers, past research paper, online and off-line libraries, and data from latest debates on town.  These sources of information are very helpful in obtaining facts and data on your nursing thesis.

After collecting data and from different sources, you will need to the next step, analyze data and now you are ready to have an outline.  Your nursing thesis outline may includes introduction, list of problems, review of related literature, argument, answer, conclusion and reference.

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Medical Thesis Writing

January 13th, 2011  |  Published in Thesis Writing

Medical thesis or dissertation is one of the interesting to write because medical field is important aspect to our society.  It is not only about drugs and medicine but it is all about health and medicines that’s why there is unlimited topic to talk about. Of course, the topic chosen should have beneficial results.  In addition, your medical thesis should be feasible and appealing to the public.

Writing medical thesis is not only about completing school requirement but it involves writing an endless assignment.  You must have good educational background in order to have a strong medical thesis or dissertation.  You should expand your knowledge by finding and analyzing interesting theories, assumptions, and facts.  You should always consider the beneficial and positive result of the new research.  Medical thesis writing is very time consuming process that why you should be self-disciplined and patient to handle all the stages.

Medical students often do a medical thesis as part of their school requirement.  Medical thesis may be all about illness, cancer or AIDS cures, insurance benefits, smoking, health care system, etc.

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Sample Thesis Acknowledgement

April 19th, 2010  |  Published in Thesis Writing

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This dissertation would not have been possible without the guidance and the help of several individuals who in one way or another contributed and extended their valuable assistance in the preparation and completion of this study.

First and foremost, my utmost gratitude to Dr. Nilo L. Rosas, President of the Philippine Normal University whose sincerity and encouragement I will never forget. Dr. Rosas has been my inspiration as I hurdle all the obstacles in the completion this research work.

Dr. Norma J. Manaloto, former Head of the Department of Educational Management, Measurement and Evaluation, who until her day of retirement had kind concern and consideration regarding my academic requirements.

Dr. Alice D. Dioquino, for her unselfish and unfailing support as my dissertation adviser;

Engr. Alex A. Santos, co-adviser to Dr. Dioquino, for his patience and steadfast encouragement to complete this study;

Dr. Danilo K. Villena, Head of the Department of Education Management and Measurement, for the moral support despite his just being newly appointed;

Dr. Angelita D. Romero, Dean of the College of Education, for the insights she has shared;

Dr. Florentina L. Gorospe, Dr. Jose Rizal Sanchez and Dr. Rebecca C. Nueva-Espa?a for their inputs especially in the curriculum part of this study. They have shared valuable insights in the relevance of the study to basic education not just in the technology sector.

The staff of the PNU President’s Office especially Ms. Didi, Vic and Noel for being accommodating to our queries likewise the secretary of the Educational Management Department Chair and her student assistant for all the help.

Dr. Generosa Eligio, Principal of the CLSU Science High School and Engr. Donald Mateo of the Bureau of Post Harvest Research Extension, Nueva Ecija, for their expertise. Despite the distance, they have painstakingly e-mailed the information I needed.

The UST ME graduates namely the Andaya group and Emas group for the literature such as catalogues and journals needed that came all the way from Nueva Ecija;

Allan Valera of Santo Tomas E-Services Providers for the assistance on how to use the software needed for my presentation;

The Administrators of the Faculty of Engineering University of Santo Tomas, for their untiring effort in encouraging the teaching staff to pursue professional growth. Likewise the staff of the Dean’s Office for their relaying every communication sent in my behalf.

Mr. Edwin G. Antonio of the UST CAD-Engineering for re-editing the electronic version of this dissertation for consistent pagination prior to printing of the required number of hard copies.

Alex Roland Realco, Jr. of the Mechanical Engineering Laboratory I for helping out in sorting and compilation of the printed copies.

My colleagues and staff in the Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Civil Engineering Departments for the use of facilities in the ME Lab, consultations in EE and moral support from CE.

Mechanical Engineering students who in one way or another were assistance especially when the system broke down during the course of usage.

Last but not the least, my family and the one above all of us, the omnipresent God, for answering my prayers for giving me the strength to plod on despite my constitution wanting to give up and throw in the towel, thank you so much Dear Lord.

MRFSC

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Thesis Review of Related Literature Sample

April 12th, 2010  |  Published in Thesis Writing

CHAPTER II – Review of Related Literature

Philippine Secondary Education Curriculum
Massive societal changes over the past twenty years (Drucker,1994; Reigeluth,1994)  have altered society’s educational needs and in turn are driving schools to redesign their curricula. Within the educational field, schools have been challenged to shift from the traditional paradigm of teacher-directed learning and dissemination of knowledge to learner-centered curricula that can promote the development of life-long learners who can think critically, solve problems and work collaboratively. These are the skills youths need to survive in the future (Drucker,1994; Reigeluth,1994; Banathy,1992). In order to realize these goals, secondary education schools need to adopt a new paradigm that embeds learning within real world contexts and that involves students in hands-on activities that promote meaningful problem solving and cognitive apprenticeship (Jonassen,1991).
The Philippines, classified as a developing country and grouped in the East Asian region, needs to establish a system of mass secondary education: (a) that responsive to the country’s socio economic needs and capabilities; ( b) that can respond effectively to increased and diversified demand by expanding access to secondary education; and (c) that can help students to graduate with knowledge, skills, attitudes and experience needed to exercise their choices beyond secondary education. Hence, secondary education is considered the bridge between primary or basic education, the labor market and tertiary education.

Patterns of Secondary Education in the East Asian Region
From year 1945 onwards, primary and secondary education were given significant investments that advanced economies of Japan, South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan adopted to increase the length , access and improve the quality of basic education that included lower secondary schooling or junior secondary school (Mundle,1998). From Table 1 (p.21), the duration and age of entry as per data from the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) show that the Philippines has the shortest span of basic education compared to its East Asian regional neighbors. The country has the shortest basic education ladder of six plus four, (six years of primary education and four years of secondary education) typified by eight subjects on the average per year level either primary or secondary prior to the 2002 restructured curriculum. But the long term deterioration in quality showed that Filipino children between nine and fourteen in mathematics, science and reading were two standard deviations below the international Mean (World Bank,1999). In order to arrest this downslide in learning, the Department of Education implemented the new revised basic education curriculum known as the 2002 Basic Education Curriculum with five learning areas namely: Mathematics, English, Science, Filipino and the much maligned Makabayan. The 2002 BEC (Basic education Curriculum) is not a sweeping change but a restructuring of the 1983 Elementary Education Curriculum (NESC) and the 1989 New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC). It is focused on the basics of improving literacy and numeracy while inculcating values across learning areas to make it dynamic (Batomalaque,2002). Other East Asian countries have a compact curriculum with five learning areas with emphasis to mathematics, science and technology with one to two languages, English one of them and culture (the country’s own history).

The new curriculum is similar in essence to Indonesia’s educational framework wherein the eighty percent (80%) is national and twenty percent (20%) localized. The core subjects are Mathematics, Science and Technology, Indonesian language and Civic education and Geography. Science is integrated to different streams such as Biology, Physics, Chemistry and Technology and the twenty percent localized has subjects in Agriculture, Fisheries, Woodcraft and Entrepreneurship.  In the regional context, the education systems in Asia during the last decade were in a state of flux. However, there has been a general desire to reform the system in order to gain knowledge and skills appropriate to a changing world. Globalization and the era of free market stress the teaching and learning of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in addition to further strengthening the teaching of mathematics, science and foreign language subjects. The axiom has been to be a competitive citizen in a highly competitive world. Competition has become the formula for success where opportunities abound and education is held as the key to unlocking these opportunities.

In Thailand, secondary education is divided into two levels, each covering a period of three years. The lower level emphasizes learners’ intellect, ethics, morality and basic skills, while the upper level aims to provide appropriate academic and vocational knowledge and skills corresponding with the learners’ interests and aptitudes. Meanwhile, secondary curriculum covers five broad fields: language, science, mathematics, social studies, character development and work education. The use of credit system at this level facilitates flexibility in the teaching-learning area.

Vietnam, on the other hand, secondary education comprises of two grades- basic secondary and general secondary education. Basic secondary education is conducted in four school years from sixth to ninth form and the pupil must have a primary education graduate certificate and be eleven years old. General secondary education is conducted in three school years from the tenth to twelfth form and must have a graduate certificate from the basic secondary level and be fifteen years old. Water resource education is integrated in the subjects Chemistry, Biology, Geography, Civics, Language and Extra-curricular activities (Lam,2003).

Secondary schools in Singapore can be government funded, government aided or independent. Students attend four or five years of secondary education under the Special Express or Normal course. The Special and Express courses prepare students for the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education `Ordinary` (GCE`O`) Level examination for four years. Students in the Normal course can opt for the academic or technical stream, both of which prepare students for the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education `Normal` (GCE`N`) Level examination after four years of study and upon satisfactory completion, the GCE`O` Level examination in the fifth year. Secondary curriculum includes English, the Mother Tongue, Mathematics, Science and the Humanities. At Secondary 3, students can opt for electives of their choice, depending on whether they are in the Arts, Science, Commerce or Technical stream. Singapore’s secondary curriculum is recognized world wide for its ability to develop students with critical thinking and intellectual skills. Foreign students are accepted depending on the availability of vacancies. (UNESCO,Bangkok 2004)

The Hongkong Administrative government provides equitable access to nine years of free and universal primary and junior secondary education to all children in the relevant age group. And from year 2003, the Hongkong government has provided subsidized senior secondary education or training to all secondary 3 with particular emphasis in vocational technology. Besides the four core subjects, Chinese language, English language, Mathematics and Liberal studies, students are encouraged to select two or three elective subjects from different key learning areas (KLAs) according to their interests and abilities and also to engage in a variety of essential learning experiences such as aesthetic and physical activities, career-related experiences, community service and moral and civic education. One of the career related subjects is food processing and services which includes food dehydration technology.  The new 21st Century curriculum implemented this year replaces the traditional practice of streaming students into science, arts and technical/commercial subjects. Finally, there is the Brunei education system which is patterned after the British system of education. The appendices provide a number of education systems in the Asian region sourced from UNESCO-Bangkok (2000).

An excerpt from the thesis of  Engr. Mary Rose Florence S. Cobar, Doctor of Philosophy in Education entitled, “Development of a Source Material in Food Dehydration Craft Technology for the Secondary Schools”

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Components of Thesis Proposal

April 6th, 2010  |  Published in Thesis Writing

Thesis proposal is written by a student who is working on a masters or doctoral degree to be presented and carefully reviewed by a committee to determine if the subject is appropriate or suitable and relevant to the field of study.  If your thesis proposal does not approve by the committee because they see that it does not have any value in the chosen topic, you will have to do other thesis proposal.  So, thesis proposal is one of the important parts of a dissertation or thesis.

If you want to have a successful thesis proposal, you should outline your thesis topic, discuss the issues the paper will address and explains why the topic deserves further research.  Identify a specific problem and offer a detailed solution for that problem.

Here are some basic components of your thesis proposal

  • Title Page. Short and descriptive title of the proposed thesis project as well as the author, research mentor and date of delivery.
  • Abstract. A brief summary of your thesis proposal and it should not excess more than 200 words.
  • Table of Contents. List of headings and subheadings with page numbers.
  • Introduction. Background of your study and should capture reader’s interest.
  • Thesis statement. State your thesis.  It can be in the form of a hypothesis, research question, project statement or goal statement.
  • Approach or Methods. Describe the methods to be used and contains description of your approach, materials and procedures as well as calculation and techniques.
  • Preliminary results and discussion. Discuss the results of your study.
  • Work plan. Time table of your project such as the indicating deadlines and the work already completed.
  • Implication of research. New knowledge will likely to produce.
  • List of reference.  Cite all references used.
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How to Prepare Thesis Statement

March 22nd, 2010  |  Published in Thesis Writing

Thesis statement states what you believe and what you intend to prove.  It presents the main idea of the research paper. In preparing thesis statement, make sure to draft the thesis statement in three sentences or longer and have enough fats, examples, details or reasons to support your statement.  Your thesis sentence is included in the introduction of your research paper.

According to Lester, 1994, there are specific methods in developing a thesis statement:

1.    Stating an argument for or against an issue,
2.    Offering advice or giving directions,
3.    Suggesting consequences,
4.    Giving instructions,
5.    Offering personal judgment, and
6.    Making an interpretation

In the research process, after data have been treated statistically and presented in tables, the researchers must be able to analyze and interpret the meaning of the processed data.  You should be able to give the meaning of these data, their implications to the field in which the research was conducted and to the people involved as the subjects of the research being conducted.

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