Structure of the Thesis

Writing a thesis is complicated if you do not know how to start with it.  The first step is to write an outline of your thesis in order to have a guide while writing your thesis.

Here is a sample thesis outline or structure for your thesis writing:

  • Title Page

It includes the thesis title, author, institution, department, date of delivery, research mentor(s) and advisor, institutions, and email address.

  • Abstract

Abstract just contains 1 to 2 paragraphs approximately 400 words. It contains the details why the paper is important as well as the summary of major results and explains the major implications of the work. It should be concise and readable.

  • Table of Contents

It contains headings and subheadings with corresponding page numbers.

  • Introduction

Introduction should catch the attention of the reader immediately. It should be interesting and motivate the reader to read the rest of the paper. It provides why the study was undertaken and why the thesis paper is written. Also, it contains background information and significance of the study as well as the scope of work.

  • Methods Used

It includes the method used in the research study such as the description of the material, procedure and theory. Also, it contains the procedures being used including the calculations, techniques and equipment.

  • Results of the Study

It provides the results of your study such as the actual statement of observation including tables, graphs and statistics.

  • Conclusions

Describe your conclusion by summarizing the new observation, interpretation and insights based on your study.

  • Recommendation

It includes recommendation if necessary such as the remedial solution to the present problem or further research for the study.

  • Acknowledgment

This section is to acknowledge all the people who help financially, technically and intellectually.

  • List of Figures and Table

It contains all figures and tables used in the thesis with page numbers

 

 

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Thesis vs. Dissertation

Thesis and dissertation is the documents required in order to graduate from masteral or doctoral. You may wonder the difference between a thesis and a dissertation. This two terms may use interchangeably and sometimes confused because both papers have similar characteristics such as structure as they both contained introduction, review of related literature, body, conclusion, bibliography and appendix. However, there are also differences between thesis and dissertation.

Here are some differences between basic thesis and dissertation:

  • The thesis is a document required at the end of a master’s program while the dissertation is for doctoral study.
  • Thesis is written to prove something you are knowledgeable through research throughout graduate program while dissertation is written to contribute new knowledge, theories or practices to your field and defend its worth.
  • Thesis is short and needs only short time to complete while dissertation is long and need more time to complete.
  • Dissertation needs new discoveries or knowledge to come up with conclusion while thesis should include hypothesis based on research work.
  • Thesis always contained an original subject such as your hypothesis while dissertation is made up of original insights and collected knowledge that collected throughout your studies.
  • Thesis should be at least 100 pages in length while dissertation should be much longer since it needs a lot of research information.

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Research Study Limitations

Limitations of the study are weakness of the study that somethings that a researchers cannot control.  All studies have limitation because research topic should narrow down in order to finish the study on time and to avoid complexity of the research. Like for example, if you do not restrict your discussion related to the research problem, you have to tackle all data related to your research. You need to limit your research by describing your study. Factors to considers in terms of limitation are sample size, available and reliable data, measure to use to collect data, and access of data.

Usually the limitation of the study is located at the beginning of the discussion section of your document so that the reader knows and understands the limitation before reading your document. But of course, do make an excuse the limitation for not doing a thorough research. If there is so much limitation on your research, it means that your topic is too narrow so it means you should find another topic that is specific but not too narrow. Also, you can consult your professor or mentor the possible ways to revise your study.

Here are some tips when writing limitation of your research study:

  • Discuss each limitation in concise terms but I detailed
  • Explains reason for each limitation
  • Knows the impact of your limitation to your findings and conclusion of your study
  • Describe why it is need further research of study because of these limitations
  • Clarifies why each limitation exists

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Writing Dissertation Proposal

Dissertation proposal contains information about your dissertation such as probable question you are going to study, research method to be used, reference to the theoretical background and potential result of your study.

Writing dissertation proposal is not a requirement for the school or universities but it is important to guide you on your dissertation writing. You can show your dissertation proposal to your supervisor or mentor and ask for their feedback. If you have dissertation proposal, it may not difficult for you to write dissertation because you will know how to do it.

Here are outlines on writing dissertation proposal:

1. Thesis Title. This is the first part of the proposal and it should be labeled as dissertation proposal not dissertation. Title should be short.

2. Introduction contains objectives and background of the study as well as the statement of the problem.

3. Research Question. It states the question that you want to answer.

4. Timeline. It specifies the time frame for your research using Gantt chart or some kind of concept map.

5. Methods and Procedures. It provides the measures to be used to answer the research questions.

6. Potential Outcomes. It shows the type of outcomes you want to generate.

7. Limitation. It contains the area of your study.

8. Bibliography. It provides the list of references so that you may know how many references you are expecting.

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Tips to Make a Thesis Title

The goal of thesis title is to express subject and argument in one’s thesis. The researcher should consider writing a thesis title at the end of thesis because you will never know the course of thesis’s argument until the thesis had reached completion.

The first thing that a reader will see is your thesis title so it is very crucial to provide a concise view of the topic that your thesis address. Thesis title should craft carefully and may change overtime during the course of writing thesis paper.

Here are some tips on how to make a good thesis title:

  • Thesis title should not be bland even the topic is specific. It should be carefully worded as the arguments and research contained in the thesis paper.
  • Seek advice from your professor, classmates and friend on choosing the right thesis title. Present your list of your favorite thesis title and ask them which appeals to them most.
  • Make sure to follow a right format based on your school requirements. The main format of thesis title is generally describing your thesis work.
  • Do not write thesis title at the beginning of writing your thesis work.
  • Thesis title should be informative that your reader captures attention. It should provide a clear picture of your research.
  • Acronym, abbreviations and initials are not allowed in thesis title.
  • Thesis title should be precise and concise that will surely explain the nature of your work. It should be directly relate to the topic to be able to get the information quickly.

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Review of Related Literature in Thesis

Review of related literature is the annotation of available papers both published and unpublished that contain information or evidence related to the topic that a person proposes to research on. It is the use of ideas in the literature to defend your paper such as the methods used in the study. Actually, it is the important component of a research because it helps to identify the research problem and provides information that the research is already exist but need to have further studies.

A review of related literature should have information about the problem statement, the theories that explain the presence of the problem, the findings of the study and the recommendation for further study.

The following are the purpose of Review of Related Literature:

  • It provides an overview to the literature about the research’s topic
  • It offers insight into the theoretical, conceptual and background of the study
  • It helps the researcher to gather reliable data and ideas to be use as guidelines to the research
  • It helps to justify the research
  • It shows that the research has been studied previously
  • It allow the researcher to learn from previous study
  • It outline the gaps in previous study
  • It highlights mistakes in previous study
  • It ensure that the propose research is not done previously or repeated
  • It can a source of theoretical basis of the study

Sources for Review of Related Literature

  • General References – indexes, reviews and abstract
  • Primary Sources – research found on published journals
  • Secondary Sources – books and encyclopedias

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Thesis Proposal Components

A thesis proposal is a document written to identify a research problem and needed resources and gives preliminary view of existing research on the problem. Also, it includes the schedule for the research as well as the writing process.

It is written if there is a need for a research to contribute something to the field.The following are the components of Thesis Proposal.

  • Background

It should provide information such as the importance of your work and identify other work has been done on the problem as well as the issues that concern to the research you are proposing.

  • Problem Statement and Methods to be Used

It states your problem in two or three sentences. Explain other methods were considered and why your method is more effective and appropriate.  Gives the criteria you are using to measure your success.

  • Theoretical Background.

It contains a published literature related to your thesis proposal or books and reports that relevant to the problem being solved.

  • Procedure

It provides the approach or methods to be used in order to solve problem.

  • Materials to be used

It contains the materials, instruments, facilities, and financial support to carry the research.

  • Project Schedule and Breakdown

It provides the task breakdown and the schedule of your work

  • Bibliography

It contains the list of publication used in the research

 

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Invitation Research Survey Letter

March 10, 2008

Ms. Joanna D. Robles
College Instructor
Sulayman University
Manila

Dear Ms. Robles:

I would like to invite you to participate in a research study titled “Pros and Cons of Nuclear Power Plant in Bataan”. This study is being conducted by Ms. Gloria Alcantara and her research committee from the Department of Engineering at Pilar State University. The purpose of this study is to determine the advantages and disadvantages of Nuclear Power Plant.

In this study, you will be asked to complete an engineering survey. Your participation is highly appreciated. It takes 15 minutes of your time to complete.

This survey has been approved by the Review Board of Pilar State University. There are no risks associated with participating in this study. The respondent’s information is confidential and all response will be recorded anonymously.

Please do not hesitate to call us if you have any question regarding the survey.

Thank you very much.

Very truly yours,

Cielo May Quinto

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Significance of the Study Sample

Significance of the Study

The study of dehydration technology and craft fabrication can be a learning paradigm in the secondary level and vocational schools to enhance the students’ knowledge and entrepreneurial skills as well. This is but a small contribution with the Dakar Framework for Action (2000) that not only basic education be learned by today’s students but acquisition of learning skills and knowledge for gainful employment and full participation in country’s society. The project’s goal is designed to help students improve academic competence, develop employability skills, implement a career plan and participate in a career pathway in preparation for post secondary education or careers in the food manufacturing or services sector after graduating from high school. This goal can be achieved through the mentors that can teach the students the food dehydration technology and craft fabrication for use of the process. The output of this study is a source material that the teachers can assimilate and disseminate by diffusion and induction technique.
Thesis Title: Development of a Source Material in Food Dehydration Craft Technology for the Secondary Schools by Engr. Mary Rose Florence S. Cobar, Doctor of Philosophy in Education

Significance of study is one of the important sections in your thesis because it explain the importance of the study as well as it potential benefits to the society or environment.  It describe why the study is worth performing.
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How to Finish your Thesis

Most students will have a hard time of finishing their thesis. At first, they are very excited writing and began thinking of their favorite topic but after few weeks the excitement has gone. It takes perseverance in order to finish your thesis on time. Here are some reasons of not finishing your thesis:

1. There is no deadlines.

Solution: Break down the task and provides deadlines for each task. You can make a timetable and make sure to follows schedules.

2. Thesis work may be overwhelming

Solution: To avoid overwhelming of task, divide the project into small and manageable units.

3. Overpowered by negative thoughts

Solution: Do not entertain negative thoughts and feelings. Always focus on your work.

The following are some tips to finish your thesis:

1. Follow requirements of your institution.
You should know the requirements before starting to write a thesis including the format of cover page, spacing, pages, etc.

2. Set small goals.
Always take small steps on doing your thesis task and break down to small do-able steps.

3. Treat your thesis task as your job
Have regular schedule for your thesis. Even if you are not productive, at least it will not be a waste of time lying on the bed.

4. Have space for you thesis work
It does not mean that you should have an office or room for you to do your thesis. It simply means go to the place where you are going to work and go there. It might be a coffee shop and make a slice of cake and a zip of coffee while working.

5. Always set your goals.
Setting goals is one way to motivate yourself.

6. Have enough sleep and eat properly.
Without enough sleep you cannot be productive and eating properly gives you a fuel needed to aid your studying. Healthy body – healthy mind.

7. Treat yourself.
It does not mean to have shopping everytime you finish a section for your thesis. Treating yourself means a glass of wine, a slice of cake, listening to favorite music, delicious meal, etc.

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